Lodgepole Pine


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British Columbia Outdoor Wilderness Guide

Lodgepine2.Jpg

LODGEPOLE PINE
pinus contorta
  • There are a couple of varieties of the Lodgepole Pine known as Black Pine, Scrub Pine, Shore Pine, Coast Pine
  • Lodgepole Pine is British Columbia's only native two-needled conifer
  • Lodgepole Pineis the most widespread tree in the province
  • Along the treeline and the Pacific Coast, the tree is often contorted and shrubby hence the name Pinus Contorta
  • Lodgepole Pine is susceptible to mountain pine beetle attacks, mistletoe, rusts and root rot

UNIQUE FEATURES:

  • the cones need extreme heat (eg from a forest fire) to open and release the seeds
  • cones can remain on the branches for many years
  • the trees provides food for small mammals which feed on the inner bark

LOCATION:

  • Lodgepole Pine is found throughout most of the province
  • Lodgepole Pine occurs from the coastal to subalpine sites
  • Lodgepole Pine can grow in all sorts of environments; from water-logged bogs to dry sandy soils

SIZE:

  • tall and slender

CONES/FRUIT:

  • vary in shape; short and cylindrical to egg-shaped
  • 2 to 4 cm
  • scales has sharp prickles on the ends
  • covered with seal of pitch

Lodgepine3.Gif
Lodgepine1.Jpg NEEDLES:

  • occur in pairs
  • are long and green with sharp ends

BARK:

  • thin, scaly
  • orangey-brown to grey

WOOD CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Lodgepole Pine is a soft wood but excellent for a variety of uses

USES:

  • modern - plywood, paneling, furniture, doors, windows, fence posts, railway ties
  • traditional - wood: building poles; inner bark: strips of this were eaten fresh in spring or stored, mashed to make bread; pitch: as a base for medicines, poultices, chewed to relieve sore throats; needles: tea

QUICK/EASY ID (indentification) for LODGEPOLE PINE

  • cones: pokey, prickly, pitchy
  • needles: pointed, paired
  • bark: patchy
  • general: pioneer species (first to grow after a disturbance such as a fire)

 


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Lodgepole Pine